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Glossary of Terms
High value SEO services is our specialty - when you work directly with a skilled developer your site responds much more swiftly without a bloated price tag. Nobody likes a slow website.
We consistently achieve successful results for long-term clients who pay only $200 per month and stay at the top of searches on competitive keywords. Other clients prefer to invest more because it is worth it. There are a few of our seo and user interface design ideas below so see if you agree with our concepts.
Adwords is where you pay Google to place your listing at the top or side of the search results. refer to Organic result
Check our article on SEO vs Adwords for info on the difference between SEO and Adwords.
Adwords is a bidding mechanism where the price you pay for a click varies depending on competition.
Backlinks are simply inbound links into your website from other sites.
Links are the "bread and butter" of SEO. Not all links are equal. A link from a quality site with a good reputation on a specific topic is worth far more than a spammy link on a forum.
Google Analytics describe bounce rate as "Bounce Rate is the percentage of single-page visits (i.e. visits in which the person left your site from the entrance page)." In Google Analytics 4 it is described as "The percentage of single-page sessions in which there was no interaction with the page." With the new event model they measure scrolls and other events.
A "bounce" occurs when a user lands on a page and then leaves without any other interaction. In some cases this is not a problem, you have a timetable page, the user has the necessary information and then leaves.
Sometimes this information is presented differently, for example some stats packages will give you a visitor duration figure that can be a form of bounce rate.
Hence in the above stats 43.5% of visitors left within 30 seconds.
These figures are always relative and numbers should vary depending on the type of site.
For example if a site is getting a broad set of hits on keywords the bounce rate will be higher - but you are still getting more visitors with good SEO.
A high bounce rate isn't necessarily a bad thing, it depends on the context of the page. It is probably not a feature of the Google Algorithm. It is a feature of an SEO campaign because we want to see pages designed to attract visitors and keep them on the site work.
Firefox, Internet Explorer, Safari and other browsers are used to display web pages on computers and smart devices.
A User Interface Design concept chunking relates to breaking information up into bite size chunks so it can be read easily - much like a newspaper. Arthur Miller asserted that humans can absorb +-5 pieces of information, chunking allows information to be placed in digestible batches.
The proportion of visitors to a web page who follow a hypertext link to a particular site.
Good SEO Content includes-:
- News Articles (Blogs)
You create an informative article with case studies, examples, rich media and statistics. Your well written and edited article is designed to be both entertaining and actionable. It is so exciting to see that article do well in Google.
Over time you may notice the article drop in rankings. This is termed "Content Decay". A knowledgeable SEO will monitor the article and keep aware of changes and improvements that can add value. We like to add a YouTube video, a table, a unique image to keep articles fresh. With good SEO software you can monitor the ranking and the page that ranks. The occassional link and promotion on social media also helps. A good blog always starts with a good idea.
Hence where you blog/article resides is very important. If it resides on a site you do not have access to because it was a "guest post" or worse still a paid link you may not have access to update that article.
Revisiting and updating articles is part of a good SEO strategy. Building a system around updating content makes sense.
Below is an example of a topical issue in Australia "ACCC and News Corp vs Google and Facebook". What is amazing is a site like this (goldcoastlogin.com.au) can rank on the first page against the might of news media sites on a variety of terms including "newscorp vs google" and below-:
Conversion rate is the rate of sales or effective contacts per visitor. Hence a well designed site may convert 1 in 20 visitors and a poor or more diverse site may convert 1 in 200 visitors.
Core Web Vitals
"A set of metrics related to speed, responsiveness and visual stability, to help site owners measure user experience on the web."
Core Web Vitals can be viewed in Google Console. They are good for SEO as they can give your site more recognition and will penalise poorly structured sites.
The idea is to have core user experience measures (Core Web Vitals) for pages. Actually it is more about groups of pages and gives insight into how Google classifies your site.
LCP - Largest Contentful Paint
The Largest Contentful Paint (LCP) metric reports the render time of the largest image or text block visible within the viewport, relative to when the page first started loading.
FID - First Input Delay
CLS - Cumulative Layout Shift
Unexpected movement of page content usually happens because resources are loaded asynchronously or DOM elements get dynamically added to the page above existing content. Cumaltive Layout Shift calculates how often this is happening for real users. Losing your place whilst reading an article is annoying and often happens in news sites where ads and other content are loaded.
Core Web Vitals Example from Google Console
Description Meta tag
Based on the width of the device, your ideal meta description tag can be between 160 and 320 characters long (920 -1,840 pixels). These descriptions can really help garner clicks. Adwords experts are very good a writing enticing descriptions to get you to click on a paid ad. SEO's also pay attention to this section. However depending on the query Google may adapt snippets of the page instead of running the actual description you enter in this meta tag in the header of a page. The Facebook OG:Description tag allows for 300 characters. So designing blogs with a 300 character limit makes sense.
A Domain Metric is a rating or score from third party SEO software like Moz DA (Domain Authority) PA (Page Authority). Domain-based metrics are useful for website owners to see a trend for their own domains overall. A domain-metric can NEVER give you an indication of what quality a certain link will have. We often see a page rise above its predicted position by these tools. Some tools can be wrong in predictions by a factor of 10. So if someone says you are only getting x amount of traffic compared to another site - unless they are Google themselves or have access to your stats they do not know.
Google rank a page not necessarily based on the power of the domain - we know this because it is what they say and we can see clear examples.
Domain names eg www.GoldCoastLogin.com.au are essentially server addresses that point to where your website is located. .com.au domains have specific rules governed in Australia.
Managing your domain name and its renewal is very important. The domain name should always be in the business entities name (not your web developers).
Currently there appears to be little reason to have numerous domain name unless you wish to not allow those names to be available to others.
Refer to Managing your domains a quick guide where you can read about some of the horror stories my clients have experienced with domain names resellers.
Exact Match Domains
In 2019 Google announced it would penalise low-quality exact match domains (EMD penalty). This algorithm change targets "Exact-match" domains with low-quality content.
So if someone offers you a domain name that is a match for your keywords don't bother purchasing it unless you are going to really work on that domain.
The key to success in Google is quality content, spammy techniques like "Exact-match" domains and Paid Links can lead to penalties.
If you have a domain name with keywords in it, you can still rank very well, your content needs to be of high quality.
Fetch queries are crawled by Google. We test this by using Google Console-:
Is the Fetch Crawled by Google?
1 From Google Console inspect the Url.
2 Click the "page is mobile friendly".
3 Click view tested page.
4 Check HTML to see what Google is actually crawling.
Certain fraudsters will attempt to gain access to your database. Often they bombard certain pages that use parameters to query a database. They tack on SQL code to try to find the database names, tables fields etc.
We catch the IP address and check with scamalytics.com to see if they are a known scammer.
scamalytics.com give an assessment of the ISP you use, this is useful to know because the last issue you want is to be associated with a fraudulent ISP.
You can also check the location of the fraudsters by going to tools.keycdn.com/geo and keying in the offending IP Address.
With the introduction of Google Analytics 4 there is a transition to event-based data model.
More control and access to data on your website allows you to measure and discover better. Understand your online visitors and create optimal experiences for them.
You place scripts onto your page that track user behaviour. The new event-based data model allows you to manage and report better.
With Google Analytics 4 event-based model you can track an external link on a page. In the example below we added an ID to a link which allows us to track how often that link is clicked. Tracking the number of clicks to an external reviews page is reported as per below.
1 Add an id to a specific link (event) you wish to identify (GoogleReviews)
2 Engagement>Events>click>PARAMETER NAME>link_id
Create a Custom Event with Google Analytics 4
We created a Custom Event called Contact_Us which fires when our specific page is loaded. You can add logical conditions. You may choose to test a landing page and see if it is effective. You can mark it as a conversion meaning you can quickly check your specific conversions for a site with the reporting systems in Google Analytics 4. Anyone with web programming experience in virtually any language will recognise the naming conventions used and differentiate between a default event and one you have specificlly named. By using obvious and consistent logic an SEO can work on multiple sites fluently. You do need to invest time wisely to ensure you get the most value.
These are simple examples, however advanced reports may want to track details of product sales in detail.
View Results of our Custom Event Contact_Us
Google console reports valuable information on Google searches. Click and impression information helps analyse pages that are working well or could work better. You can now apply regular expressions (regex) to Google Console performance stats:
This regular expression might show results that indicate your content should easily answer questions. You can use it to create advanced filters to include or exclude more than just a word or a phrase.
HTML is the code that sits on the server and when opened in a Browser displays the page online. Almost every page's HTML can be viewed on your browser i.e. you can actually view the code written by the developer.
An Impression in SEO speak is when your page is displayed in an organic search result.
Google records this information for every search made. This information is very useful because a SEO can discover new opportunities.
Internal links are the links and anchor text that go internally on your site, they point to pages on your own site. There can be some issues where Google needs to choose which page refers to which topic (keyword). You can effectively cannibalise your site by having pages compete. There is nothing wrong with having two pages listed, which can often be the home page and the main page for that keyword.
Google does take Internal Links into account when ranking your site.
An IP Address is a unique string of numbers separated by full stops that identifies each computer using the Internet Protocol to communicate over a network.
The IP Address of your site and the IP Addresses of links to your site are factors Google takes into consideration. If most of the links to your site are only from one IP Address it will not be as powerful as multiple IP Addresses. Also if you are a local business on the Gold Coast and you have a string of links coming from one specific destination in a foreign country Google will likely regard those links as less valuable or even outright spam.
Keywords are the words you target in Google for your site. Hence if I wanted to come up highly in Google on SEO Gold Coast - those words would be called my Keywords.
Google Analytics has a field called Keyword under the menu Traffic Sources> Search> Organic
Other stats packages may call these Search Key phrases
Keyword Find a specific keyword in a site
Often you may be looking for a page on your own site that has a certain term. You can search each page individually with a browser search function. To search an entire site for a specific keyword, check the example below it searches for the keyword "competitive advantage" and comes up with the best matches on this entire site. site: goldcoastlogin.com.au competitive advantage
Say you have written a really good blog on "competitive advantage" and need to find the best pages with related content within a certain site - this search is for you.
Keyword stuffing is where website text over uses keywords in the vain hope of the site improving on those keywords. Google can penalise sites it considers is keyword stuffing.
Some SEO tools emphasise a certain number of keywords in a post or page, some also specify a certain length. More importance should be placed on updating articles, formatting them effectively and using good unique images. Google is very adept at picking unique quality writing.
There is no precise formula for SEO success - take a look around and we see all sorts of sites, many that do not validate but they still are listed in search engines.
A link or hyperlink or backlink is how one page comes up when something is clicked on another page. They are coded into the site. Links are a valuable commodity for advancing a site in Google. Learning how to create quality links pointing to your site is a very important SEO factor. It remains the most important factor in improving SEO rankings.
Here is a definitive article on rules for links. (its over 6000 words) however you may appreciate your SEO more if you can confirm they understand these issues.
From Google Webmaster Guidelines:
Any links intended to manipulate PageRank or a site's ranking in Google search results may be considered part of a link scheme and a violation of Google's Webmaster Guidelines. This includes any behaviour that manipulates links to your site or outgoing links from your site.
Links purchased for advertising should be designated as such. refer NO Follow Link
Google's WebMaster Guidelines: "Not all paid links violate our guidelines."
What constitutes a local search is very important to SEOs because being recognised as a local company can give you 2 entries on the first page in a search.
Check our article The anatomy of a local Google search
Metadata is simply data about data. In the Head section of a website are some important SEO tags and general tags. Metadata or Meta tags contain all sorts of information useful to search engine robots and even tags used to help display your content in social media well. For example a tag can be used to tell Facebook which image to use for this page. Given that social media sites are different image size preferences this information is useful to having your page shared.
Multiple Domain Strategy
Owning multiple domains can be a good strategy. It is not as common as say keyword optimisation or other SEO techniques. It favours SEOs who are web developers. Some companies create microsites to capitalise on niches. Some buy sites because they are not efficient at creating sites.
No Follow Link
A link or hyperlink that does not pass on PageRank value and indicates to search robots not to follow that link as they crawl the web. These are used in Facebook and Twitter automatically for links. Part of the reason for this is that if these links on popular social media sites did add SEO value it would be chaos with spammers constantly creating fake accounts in an attempt to add value to the sites they link to.
Social media can be used for SEO value but not by adding spammy links to fake posts on non popular sites.
rel="nofollow" is added to a link.
It is SEO completed away from your website that makes the most difference. Up to 75% of the value added to a site is from 'Off-page SEO'. External blogs, backlinks, social media posts and YouTube content are our preferred methods. Some SEO's will submit sites to directories, forums and other strategies. The strategy you use does matter, and the cost of SEO does matter as well.
Off-Page SEO often refers to links which can be in the form of -:
- links on other blogs/sites
- YouTube videos
- Social Media Posts
- Google My Business Posts
Open Graph Protocol
A protocol to allow webpages to be represented in Social Media. For example Facebook use the Open Graph Protocol to properly represent a webpage shared on its platform. It is one consistent mechanism helping to keep websites as simple as possible. To turn your web pages into graph objects, you need to add basic metadata to your page.
For example og:image is used to tell Facebook which image should be included with your blog post if it is shared.
Organic Search refers to a search result that is not paid for via a system like Adwords. The result is there because Google considers the page to be popular. The art of a good SEO is to get your site ranking on keywords. We use a number of tools for this, plus a lot of observation. For example if we notice a keyword starting to do well, that makes a good candidate for more concentrated efforts. The more search traffic a keyword attracts the more competition you will face.
H ow to spot if any SEO or a competitor is using paid links to undermine search results-:
1 Use a link profiling tool to analyse the links to a specific website.
2 Note the links on sites that appear unnatural, links that are unlikely to be acquired naturally.
3 A site with massive numbers of foreign links, or on "contrived sites" sites that are not related to the target website, can be a sign of a link scheme or paid links.
Thinly disguised link schemes
If you analysed the strategies of some SEO companies you may not use them. Often thinly disguised link schemes are used to undermine search results. The costs are passed on in higher monthly SEO fees.
A User Interface Design Concept to apply to design-:
Proximity - associating a design element with another eg text near an image or a caption
Alignment - how an element is aligned for example consistently aligning left
Repitition - following consistent design rules
Contrast - use of contrasting elements to stand out
There are a number of factors that affect how your page ranks in Google. This page lists over 200 ranking factors. Ranking factors are not officially published by Google but many are clear and quite obvious. Also Google attempts to give searchers a good user experience so well researched quality content will always rank well. Google can check via various methods whether your site has quality content.
Referrer Spam is when a site makes constant website requests but it is using an incorrect (fake) referrer URL. Hence the analytics of the receiving website reflect the fake URL. It looks as if the spammer linked to the website however it is really an attempt to be seen as a link for search engines and a positive gain for the spammer. However this requires the stats eg AWSTATS to be visible. Its best to keep these hidden via passwords. Google's Penguin anti-spam algorithm update, pretty much eliminated the benefit of this scam.
If a page is updated usually by FTP or by use of a Content Management System you may see the old cached version. To be sure refresh the browser to force the cache to be cleared and show the most recent page. Some browsers use the Shift-Refresh option to force reloading of all resources. Ctrl-f5 is another option on Windows.
A Regular Expression (regex) is a sequence of characters that specifies a search pattern. You can use it to create advanced filters to include or exclude more than just a word or a phrase or a character. Validation techniques use regex to specify certain characters or character patterns in input fields. Server logs can be analysed quickly and regex can also be used for server Unix commands.
The regex ^[ \t]+|[ \t]+$ matches excess whitespace at the beginning or end of a line.
Regex use in scripting and on servers add efficiency. Hence a multi-skilled SEO will have tools to quickly update and change information that is in text format.
Not so long ago there was a mad rush for everyone to get mobile versions of their websites. 'Enterprising' companies were ringing people up and perplexing them with reasons as to why this was so important.
It is important to have a site that adjusts to the device it is being displayed on seamlessly. The best technique is to use advanced coding techniques that adjust the display to the screen size. Responsive images are also important - these adjust to the width of the screen. Check our article on responsive website vs a mobile version.
Google uses advanced techniques via its web master tools suite that can analyse how your site performs as a mobile version.
An article on Anatomy of a Local Search - compares search results on a local search term. Understanding how your site can benefit from a local listing via Google My Business. One mechanism within Google My Business is reviews.
Google publishes Search Volume figures, you can use Google Trends to discover the numbers of searches for a keyword. You may use tools to discover related keywords, these are a benefit in setting up the structure of your site. A website owner may have a certain keyword in mind. Verifying there are actually good search volumes for that keyword is important. We make web development decisions based on keyword analysis and search volumes.
You may decide to target a term with low search volumes if that particular keyword can add value to your business.
In this article Problems with keyword search volume they conclude the numbers are all wrong.
"A couple of things. First, only one person really knows and that's Google, and they're not telling the truth. It is widely believed that Google is understating the search volume of many keywords, especially long tails keywords. That's because they want to make it look like it's not worth the effort to get organic search traffic by doing content marketing targeting long-tail keywords (which is my strategy)."
Our search results correlate with this - where predicted volumes for a search are low yet the number of actual clicks on a site verified by Google Console are above the entire months predictions.
In other words Google is predicting a search volume it knows by its own data is underestimated.
Search Volumes are very useful to hone in on targets - value exists in long-tail keywords (keywords that are more specific). Check the actual results via Google Search Console and build on them.
A server is a computer often running a Linux operating system primarily used to display web pages. They are pretty much the same as a normal computer but are configured to serve up web pages over the Internet. The performance of a server and the configuration of sites on it are critical to performance in speed tests.
A server records every activity in logs. A visitor arrives and every file request is recorded in a special format that allows analysis (Common Log Format). We can read these logs and derive useful information. For example there are numerous suspicious requests for a page, we can find the IP address and look at the requests made. Often you will notice malicious requests attempting to hack in to your database.
Analysis of server logs also helps look at user behaviour. If your site is poorly made you will notice a whole bunch of files being loaded that are unnecessary. Many poor website structures or pluggins load unnused files on a page. Hence you see some sites run very slowly.
Sitelinks are added to certain search results. "We only show sitelinks for results when we think they'll be useful to the user." Looking at the above example it is a clear advantage to have the site links. These links are automated by Google. These are internal links into the site, displayed to aid the person searching.
Site Structure - Flat websites vs. Deep websites
Often site structure refers to how the site is categorised and how it relates to the menu. One of the failures of a WordPress site IMO is its lack of structure. A deep structure suits sites with long paths looking for refined search terms.
This page https://www.goldcoastlogin.com.au/gold-coast/SEO/SEO-Glossary-Of-Terms.html has a structure suited to "SEO Glossary of Terms - Gold Coast". Many WordPress sites would have a flat structure with the keywords tacked on the end.
A deep website structure enables you to create very exact and targeted topical pages on your website.
Your menu structure should reflect the importance of the categories within your site. Making a decision on a menu item is far more important than it would seem. You are in effect deciding by your menu structure which pages you will emphasise. This is not the same as changing them later because you lose valuable Google brownie points by having a good structure that Google clearly understands. When you change the name of a page it has an effect. It is best to get the naming right first. Our approach is to actually agonise on the structure, then quickly get the site live.
It is critical to ensure your site is crawled effectively by Google. A good site structure will help Google categorise your content and make good AI decisions. Sometimes you can cannibalise your own content or you may be lucky enough to have 2 pages that rank for a specific keyword.
It is recommended to keep every page within 4 clicks, rarely will we have a page that requires more than 3 clicks to get to.
Spam in SEO terms is referring to a spammy site or a spammy link. Google engineers spend vast amounts of time creating algorithms to weed out spam and spammy sites. An example of a spammy link would be a page on a forum where a person adds an entry purely to contain a link to their site in the hope of improving results in organic searches.
Another example of a spammy site is one made from copied images and cut and paste text - Google is all over sites like this and they are going nowhere fast.
Site speed is increasingly important for higher rankings.
1. Google will crawl your pages easier
2. It naturally ranks sites higher because the user experience is better.
Beware of open source sites created by inexperienced developers Many open source systems are penalised (in my opinion) because each page loads many plugins. These plugins come with libraries of scripts that are used for extra "cool" functionality. For example you may have a slide show on the home page - why then load scripts that run that on other pages like About Us?
Check your site speed - Note you can check from various global locations and check the size of the page plus a few other useful insights. If your site does not do well on this score talk to us for a detailed explanation.
Google has a very useful tool to analyse site speed.
Check our article Website speed claims put to the test - often sites claiming to be properly optimised are still loading scripts that aren't even needed on the page.
SSL is short for Secure Socket Layer, and it's a standard type of data encryption technology. Google announced is was factoring SSL into its search ranking algorithm. However initially it was difficult to see any real improvement when a site switched from http to https.
There were some pretty wild claims about the need for SSL on a website with no actual need for it. Some unscrupulous developers saw it as a way of gaining extra revenue.
If you use your credit card over the internet the site must have SSL encryption to be safe.
2021: Gary Illyes Google: "HTTPS ranking signal would never rearrange the search results. It is only makes a difference if two pages have the same score in the other factors."
Originally the only statistics available for a website were crude counters and products like Awstats that analysed web logs. Now there are also products like Google Analytics and Search Console that measure Google search clicks and impressions (when your site comes up in a search).
Google Analytics have some useful information. For example you may discover via Google Console a page that gets clicked on in a search. Google Analytics can also tell you how many other pages on average are viewed (Pages per session). So when creating SEO content we can see which articles drive traffic (clicks) and result in a prolonged visit (many pages are clicked).
Logs are useful and start with the IP address of the visitor and then list other information that stats packages like Awstats break up and present in graphs etc. A good SEO will use this information to look for success or new keyword opportunities. These logs can also be useful for eliminating hacking attempts because if for example an IP address is constantly going to a specific page trying to hack it you can then block that IP address (just make sure it is not a Google crawler).
Good SEO often translates to a knowledge of the server - there is never too much information. An efficient high quality web server will improve a sites speed and reduce spam attacks and up-time.
Also refer to Bounce Rate
Technical SEO refers to technical aspects related to On-Page SEO. Ensuring your site validates, does not contain duplicate content, is structure correctly, uses SSL and many recommend using Structure Data and sitemaps to explicitly define what your content is about.
Hosting and the platform used deserves a mention here because you want your site to run as efficiently as possible. We often see sites slowed down because the platform loads every script on every page. Even when using caching and other techniques the page is still actually loading unneccesary content and runs slower than it would if it did not load all the unused content.
Creating clean code is a very important factor hence having a site validated by W3C is regarded highly by Google - this naturally increases Site Speed. Validation means that the site adheres to standards - hence when a new device is created, even devices we have not thought of yet, having valid code means the device should display your code properly if it is compliant with standards.
How can you tell if your site is valid and has clean code?
You can look at the code by right-clicking and choosing view source and you can copy and paste that code into the validator to see if the code validates to standards.
A 301 redirect tells Google that the page/URL/Document/Image now resides at this new location. If Google has to find and re-index those images again you may find your unique image is now listed higher by a copycat domain. The process of undoing that can be frustrating. Hence when moving a site to a new domain name, 301 Redirects help maintain most of the previous value of the page/URL/Document/Image.
I have kept this glossary simple to cover terms that are most often used and beneficial for a clients to get a quick understanding of the SEO jargon. Part of my SEO techniques is to teach my clients as much as possible to help them self promote their sites.
A Gold Coast SEO and Web Developer