The history of humankind also involves the history of natural disasters, invasions, and theft. These human interactions and events necessitated the development and use of alarms to warn the populace of potential and actual dangers. At the dawn of civilisation, bonfires were lit as warnings for impending natural disasters or enemy attacks. The first audible alarms were wind instruments and drums.
Other early alarm systems included dogs and livestock such as geese to alert people to approaching strangers. Although mechanical alarms are a fairly recent invention, the use of dogs pre-empted the basic principles of modern alarms with their use of sonic systems of loud warning cries and growls. But unlike modern alarms, dogs also have the capacity to attack and 'mangle' potential thieves. Early homeowners may have also placed items in front of their doors at night so that if someone attempted to enter, a noise would be heard.
Church bells have also been used for centuries to alert people to invasions, fires, emergencies and other public events, in addition to calling people to worship. An English inventor named Tildesley invented the bell burglar alarm. This system used a link of bells placed so that when an intruder attempted to open a door it would create a noise, alerting sleeping homeowners to the intended intrusion.
The first electro-magnetic alarm system in the world was patented in 1853 by Augustus Russell Pope, an inventor from Boston. Until this time, people had mainly relied on the noises of their startled geese, the howls and barks of their guard dogs or mechanical ringing of bells to catch intruders on their property.
Pope's battery-operated gadget reacted to the closing of an electric circuit. Doors and windows were connected as independent units by a parallel circuit. When a door or window was opened and the electric circuit closed, the sudden flow of current caused one of the attached magnets in the system to vibrate. The electro-magnetic vibrations were transmitted to a hammer which then struck a brass bell.
A special feature of Pope's invention was that the alarm could not be switched off by closing the windows or doors. A switch spring mounted in the wall above the door kept the current interrupted, so that the bell would keep ringing.
Edwin Holmes, a businessman and founder of the first company for electrical alarm systems, bought the rights to Pope's invention in 1857. Holmes led the way in the business of electro-magnetic alarm technology with his “Holmes Electric Protection Company”.
This early system only alerted the homeowner to potential intruders, who was then responsible for taking action against the intrusion. So Holmes then constructed a central alarm station by using weatherproof telegraph cables along which his alarm systems could converge to Holmes HQ and then relayed to the appropriate authorities. Holmes' son came up with the idea of using the unused telephone lines of businesses in Boston at night for their own alarm systems.
In 1867, a young telegrapher - Edward Calahan - came up with the idea of call boxes placed throughout New York districts after a robbery at the house of his boss. Edwards had previously invented the famous gold and stock ticker-tape machine for Wall Street which indicated stock and share movements in real time. In the event of an incoming emergency call, Calahan's system alerted a local 'messenger boy' who would be sent out to promptly arrange help for the homeowner or business in that particular district. Calahan's emergency call boxes became standard use for police and fire services, as well as for messenger services and on Wall Street.
After the Second World War, Calahan's emergency call box design became more affordable and more control points were used for medical services, police and fire departments which improved the security of populations nationwide. In the 1970s, engineers integrated the first motion detectors in their alarm systems and during the 80s and 90s, alarm systems become a standard feature of building and home security.
The twentieth-century saw other major developments in alarm and security technology. This included electronic signalling, surveillance equipment, closed circuit television cameras (CCTV) and electronic tracking devices, in addition to the traditional use of bells, flashing lights and sirens. Finally, the first wireless alarm systems came on the market and revolutionized alarm technology.
Today, burglar alarms are used throughout the world and various other systems can be installed to protect against problems other than break-ins; for instance, alarm systems that respond to the dangers of fire and flood and summon police, fire, and emergency medical teams to the specific home or business in which the alarm is installed.
Weiss Electrical has been servicing residential, commercial and industrial customers in Brisbane for over 25 years. Weiss Electrical services include “things the others can't do” such as installing homes and businesses with the latest flexible and innovative C-Bus and Genesis alarm, security and access systems. These cutting edge systems and technologies even enable the arming and disarming of homes and offices from a smart phone.
C-Bus can control lighting, air conditioning, multi-room audio systems, windows and blinds, home theatres, security systems, irrigation, keyless entry - and more.
Home automation is available at the fingertips with C-Bus Control, through touch-screens, intelligent wall switches or via smart devices for remote control from off-site locations. C-Bus can control lighting, air conditioning, multi-room audio systems, windows and blinds, home theatres, security systems, irrigation, keyless entry - and more. C-Bus elements such as lighting, audiovisual systems and air conditioning can be programmed to work in unison at the touch of a button. C-Bus was designed, developed and manufactured by Clipsal, a company founded in Australia by Gerard Thomas in the 1920s and now known as Clipsal by Schneider Electric.
The Genesis system is a fully integrated Access Control-Building Automation and Security System. The use of The Genesis flexible Script Programming Engine has opened the panel to virtually unlimited building management functions. The Genesis is wholly designed, owned and manufactured in Australia and fully supported by the expert team who created it.
Dual path monitoring of security systems includes 'status of system' and 'system maintenance reports'.
Proximity, swipe, retina and finger scan readers and door controllers which log the last 100 unique valid users.
Lift Control, Lighting, Air Conditioning and Energy Management
Use of the latest high-speed communication protocols and programming from anywhere in the world, using Genesis 'up/download technician software'.
Security and alarm systems have come a long way since the use of geese, dogs and church bells. And yet the bark of neighbourhood canines, sirens and fire-alarm bells remain an important part of our culture despite the 'bells and whistles' technological advancements humankind has made over the past centuries to protect life and property.
Add a comment to this article via your Facebook Login
11/05/2018 How does the DREAM turn into a SCREAM? »
05/04/2018 Air Spider »
13/03/2018 Planting a hedge fence »
09/02/2018 Life Saving Tyre Accessories »
06/02/2018 The bakers oven stops »
06/12/2017 Relationship Counselling - the volatile couple »
09/11/2017 Don't kill the ants »
25/10/2017 Plumbing, the Ancient Art of Managing Water »
11/10/2017 The Secret Life of Micropiles »
29/09/2017 Foundation Underpinning »
08/09/2017 Termites the secretive pest »
07/09/2017 Sharing your Google Analytics »
05/09/2017 Website speed test claims put to the test »
23/08/2017 Custom Timber Dining Tables »
23/06/2017 Kitchen Renovation Alfresco BBQ »
12/06/2017 Hire a photo booth »
10/05/2017 My Site Dropped out of Google »
20/04/2017 Recycled Timber comes with a story »
08/04/2017 Light Up Your Home »
12/12/2016 Evolving eCommerce with SEO »
05/12/2016 Image Manager 4 Released »
14/10/2016 Classic Gold Coast »
26/09/2016 Techheads who can market »
09/09/2016 Issues with childhood photography »
30/08/2016 Never Make an Impulse Buy »
15/08/2016 Using the potential of YouTube »
02/08/2016 How to add a review to Google Places »
26/07/2016 Servicing your air-conditioner »
22/07/2016 Eco-friendly Home Building »
13/06/2016 Timber Floors »
13/05/2016 Timber Furniture Gold Coast »
13/04/2016 Interactive Charts »
18/02/2016 Ideas for creating passive income »
29/01/2016 Better Childhood Photography »
30/12/2015 Gold Coast Real Estate »
20/11/2015 Feed-in Solar Tariffs Queensland »
05/11/2015 Kindergarten Photographers »
23/09/2015 Low Budget High Impact Web Videos »
08/09/2015 Pool Inspection Laws Queensland »
23/07/2015 Protection against power surges »
13/07/2015 Intelligent Security Systems »
17/06/2015 Advanced Security Cameras »
15/01/2015 Is your security provider licensed? »
06/01/2015 Inspired by Necessity »
07/12/2014 Social Media vs SEO for sales generation »
01/11/2014 Responsive Websites vs a Mobile version »
08/09/2014 Simplify Writing - Get that job »
08/04/2014 Cockroaches like BBQs too »
27/03/2014 Admin System Mark 3 »
12/02/2014 HTML5 improving SEO and Social Interaction »
17/01/2014 TV Commercials with impact - on time »
02/12/2013 Negative SEO »
29/11/2013 A flexible e-mail system »
13/11/2013 Social Media Strategies for SEO »
15/10/2013 Web Video Production »
26/09/2013 Soft drinks can damage your teeth? »
29/08/2013 Haridresser Gold Coast »
26/08/2013 Jet Boat Ride Gold Coast »
06/08/2013 Dental Site Videos »
03/08/2013 Gold Coast Tradesman Directory »
02/07/2013 Creating audio for your site via your iPhone »
23/04/2013 Yellow Pages Google Partnership Unfair »
17/08/2012 Facebook Account Security »
06/07/2012 Gold Coast a great place to Study »
22/12/2011 New Real Estate System »
17/10/2011 Managing your domains a quick guide »
04/04/2011 Our Facebook Application »
01/02/2011 Video Marketing »
05/01/2011 Questions to ask your web developer »
28/12/2010 Health and Fitness sites »
28/12/2010 Surfboard for sale site launched »
09/12/2010 Why is my content management system so slow? »
26/11/2010 Google now includes local places results »
31/10/2010 Getting Listed on Google Places very important »
19/10/2010 Security Systems site launched »
28/09/2010 Google Personalized Searches »
13/09/2010 Web Marketing – To Green or Not to Green? Beware! »
09/09/2010 Jet ski or Jet boat Gold Coast »
19/07/2010 Java Web Hosting »
07/07/2010 Assess your eCommerce opportunities »
11/06/2010 DIY SEO »
26/05/2010 Planning a website »
22/04/2010 Enhanced Email Marketing Tool for your website »
12/04/2010 Site Speed is important for Google »
26/03/2010 360 degree Panoramas + Google Maps »